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Herodotus does not explain the contradictions of the myth; for example, how Doris, located outside the Peloponnesus, acquired its name. However, his goal, as he relates in the beginning of the first book, is only to report what he had heard from his sources without judgement. In the myth, the Achaeans displaced from the Peloponnesus gathered at Athens under a leader Ion and became identified as "Ionians". Herodotus' list of Dorian states is as follows.

From northeastern Greece were Phthia , Histiaea and Macedon.

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Hermione was not Dorian but had joined the Dorians. Thucydides professes little of Greece before the Trojan War except to say that it was full of barbarians and that there was no distinction between barbarians and Greeks. The Hellenes came from Phthiotis. After the Trojan War, "Hellas was still engaged in removing and settling. Some 60 years after the Trojan War the Boeotians were driven out of Arne by the Thessalians into Boeotia and 20 years later "the Dorians and the Heraclids became masters of the Peloponnese.

Other than these few brief observations Thucydides names but few Dorians. He does make it clear that some Dorian states aligned or were forced to align with the Athenians while some Ionians went with the Lacedaemonians and that the motives for alignment were not always ethnic but were diverse. He does explain with considerable dismay what happened to incite ethnic war after the unity between the Greek states during the Battle of Thermopylae.

The Congress of Corinth, formed prior to it, "split into two sections. He adds: "the real cause I consider to be In the Platonic work Laws is mentioned that the Achaeans who fought in the Trojan War , on their return from Troy were driven out from their homes and cities by the young residents, so they migrated under a leader named Dorieus and hence they were renamed "Dorians".

Now during this period of ten years, while the siege lasted, the affairs of each of the besiegers at home suffered much owing to the seditious conduct of the young men. For when the soldiers returned to their own cities and homes, these young people did not receive them fittingly and justly, but in such a way that there ensued a vast number of cases of death, slaughter, and exile. The Description of Greece by Pausanias relates that the Achaeans were driven from their lands by Dorians coming from Oeta , a mountainous region bordering on Thessaly.

Under other leadership they managed to be victorious over the Achaeans and remain in the Peloponnesus, a mythic theme called "the return of the Heracleidae. The return is described in detail: there were "disturbances" throughout the Peloponnesus except in Arcadia , and new Dorian settlers.

Diodorus is a rich source of traditional information concerning the mythology and history of the Dorians, especially the Library of History. He does not make any such distinction but the fantastic nature of the earliest material marks it as mythical or legendary.

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The myths do attempt to justify some Dorian operations, suggesting that they were in part political. Diodorus quoting from an earlier historian Hecataeus of Abdera details that during the Exodus many Israelites went into the islands of Greece and other places. But the majority of the people descended into a country not far from Egypt, which is now called Judaea and at that time was altogether uninhabited. Heracles was a Perseid , a member of the ruling family of Greece. His mother Alcmene had both Perseids and Pelopids in her ancestry.

A princess of the realm, she received Zeus thinking he was Amphitryon. Zeus intended his son to rule Greece but according to the rules of succession Eurystheus , born slightly earlier, preempted the right. Attempts to kill Heracles as a child failed. On adulthood he was forced into the service of Eurystheus, who commanded him to perform 12 labors.

Heracles became a warrior without a home, wandering from place to place assisting the local rulers with various problems. He took a retinue of Arcadians with him acquiring also over time a family of grown sons, the Heraclidae. He continued this mode of life even after completing the 12 labors. He recalled Tyndareus, set him up as a guardian regent, and instructed him to turn the kingdom over to any descendants of his that should claim it. Heracles went on with the way of life to which he had become accustomed, which was by today's standards that of a mercenary, as he was being paid for his assistance.

Subsequently, he founded a colony in Aetolia , then in Trachis. After displacing the Dryopes , he went to the assistance of the Dorians, who lived in a land called Hestiaeotis under king Aegimius and were campaigning against the numerically superior Lapithae. He asked Aegimius to keep his share of the land "in trust" until it should be claimed by a descendant.

He went on to further adventures but was poisoned by his jealous wife, Deianeira. He immolated himself in full armor dressed for combat and "passed from among men into the company of the gods. Strabo , [50] who depends of course on the books available to him, goes on to elaborate:. Of these peoples, according to Staphylus , the Dorians occupy the part toward the east, the Cydonians the western part, the Eteo-Cretans the southern; and to these last belongs the town Praisos , where is the temple of the Dictaean Zeus; whereas the other peoples, since they were more powerful, dwelt in the plains.

Now it is reasonable to suppose that the Eteo-Cretans and the Cydonians were autochthonous, and that the others were foreigners Beside this sole reference to Dorians in Crete, the mention of the Iliad of the Heraclid Tlepolemus , a warrior on the side of Achaeans and colonist of three important Dorian cities in Rhodes has been also regarded as a later interpolation [52]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the population of ancient Greece. For the Armenian band, see Dorians band. For Mexican department store, see Dorian's.

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For other uses, see Dorian disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Part of a series on the. Neolithic Greece.

The history and antiquities of the Doric race - Karl Otfried Müller - Google книги

Greek Bronze Age. Pelasgian Helladic Cycladic Minoan Mycenaean. Ancient Greece. Medieval Greece. Byzantine Greece Frankish and Latin states. Early modern Greece. Modern Greece. History by topic. Art Constitution Economy Military Names. Doric proper. Northwest Doric. Achaean Doric. Main article: Doric Greek. Woodard, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. Paris: Belles Lettres. The Journal of Hellenic Studies. The Legend of Sparta in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge University Press. Documents in Mycenaean Greek 2nd ed. Cambridge: University Press.

Aegeum in French. Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch in German. Leiden University.

Archived from the original on 9 August Paris: Librairie Klincksieck. Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek , Brill, , p. Hellenicity: between ethnicity and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago. The Rise of Greek Epic. Oxford: OUP. In Ogden, Daniel. A Companion to Greek Religion. Malden , MA: Wiley-Blackwell, , 56— Elegy and Iambus.

The history and antiquities of the Doric race

Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University. Michael 10 January The Modern Antiquarian. Julian Cope. Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. He was an uncritical compiler, but used good sources and reproduced them faithfully. He is valuable for details unrecorded elsewhere, and as evidence for works now lost, especially writings of Ephorus, Apollodorus, Agatharchides, Philistus, and Timaeus. Retrieved 9 July Book 10, Section 6. History Geography. City states Politics Military. Apella Ephor Gerousia. Synedrion Koinon. List of ancient Greeks.